• Fri. Mar 31st, 2023

Sacred Calendars and New Years: Cycles of Time and Ages


Jan 7, 2023

The worldwide vacation of a brand new 12 months symbolizes all we’ve got skilled at some stage in the 12 months, and all our hopes and desires for the 12 months forward. Such observances date again over 4,000 years, usually at the side of the solstices and equinoxes that marked the cycles of pure seasons.

In historical Mesopotamia, the celebration of a brand new 12 months over 4,000 years in the past may need taken place on the Spring Equinox , in the midst of March, a date additionally revered all through the Middle Ages .

Egyptians started their new 12 months with the Autumnal Equinox, and Greeks with the Winter Solstice .

Historical Romans devoted the day to the god of beginnings (in addition to doorways and gateways), Janus, for which the month of January is known as.

The Chinese New Year coincides with the primary day of the lunar calendar, often falling between January twentieth and February twentieth. Irrespective of which date chosen, the emphasis was, and nonetheless is, on the significance of the cycles of time and the ends and beginnings they symbolize.

The World Ages of the Mesoamericans

Maya masks. Stucco frieze from Placeres, Campeche. Early Traditional interval (c. 250 – 600 AD) ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

For Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures, cycles of time have been marked and measured with the number of calendars they utilized. Considered one of these, the Sacred Calendar, also referred to as the “ tzolkin” or “depend of days,” was a 260-day calendar utilized by the Maya till the rise of the Gregorian calendar in 1582. The tzolkin measured time by the utilization of a 13-day depend and a 20-day cycle that parallels it, with a differing signal ascribed to every day, collectively generally known as a “uinal.” The 13-day depend and the uinal collectively give every day its personal distinctive quantity (kon) and corresponding signal. The whole variety of potential quantity/signal mixtures is 260, with every quantity and corresponding signal recurring each 260 days.

The Maya “Lengthy Rely” consisted of 13 baktuns, intervals of 400 tuns (360-day intervals). One baktun is thus 400 x 360 = 144,000 days (394.3 photo voltaic years). A interval of 13 baktuns, totaling 5,125.36 years, is named a World Age. 5 World Ages equal a precession cycle of roughly 25,627 years.

On the peak of their cultural achievement throughout the Traditional interval (250 AD – 900 AD) the Maya gained a surprising understanding of astronomy and the cosmos, together with the precession of the equinoxes, which many historians and archeologists counsel was “found” by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus round 120 BC, and later refined and expanded upon by Newtonian physics in 1687.

East side of stela C, Quirigua with the mythical creation date of 13 baktuns, 0 katuns, 0 tuns, 0 uinals, 0 kins, 4 Ahau 8 Cumku – corresponds to August 11, 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. (Public Domain)

East aspect of stela C, Quirigua with the legendary creation date of 13 baktuns, 0 katuns, 0 tuns, 0 uinals, 0 kins, 4 Ahau 8 Cumku – corresponds to August 11, 3114 BC within the proleptic Gregorian calendar. ( Public Domain )

The precession is a sluggish westward shift of the equinoxes alongside the airplane of the ecliptic, ensuing from the precession of the Earth’s axis of rotation, inflicting the equinoxes to happen earlier every sidereal 12 months. The precession of the equinoxes happens at a charge of fifty.27 of an arc a 12 months, with an entire precession requiring 25,800 years. This precession is brought on by the gravity of the Solar and Moon appearing on the Earth’s equatorial bulge, making a wobbling within the orientation of the axis of the Earth at cycles of roughly 25,627 years. This cycle is named a Nice 12 months.

Western astrologers sometimes mark the start of the 12 months on the Spring Equinox, when the Solar is positioned within the constellation Aries. Because the Solar progresses by the zodiac indicators, the precession is full, though the start of the 12 months does change barely every spring equinox, attributable to a slight alteration within the positioning of Aries. An Astrological Age is outlined as one motion of the Solar from one zodiac signal to a different, and takes roughly 2,150 years. The twelve indicators complete a precession Nice 12 months, roughly 25,000 years.   

Precessional movement of the Earth. (Public Domain)

Precessional motion of the Earth. ( Public Domain )

Jap Calendars Marking Life and Time on Earth

The World Ages of the Mesoamericans have a counterpart within the Vedic Yugas, a part of the huge mythology of the Hindu describing the evolution of life and time on Earth. Every successive Yuga is one quarter shorter in length than the one earlier than it. The usual method to the Yugas states that a whole Yuga cycle takes 4,320,000 years to finish. That is known as a rotation of the Yuga cycle, and Hindu scripture additionally measures a fair larger cycle of time, the Kalpa, which is one thousand Yuga cycles, or 4,320,000,000 years. These cycles rotate again and again, for all of eternity.

Detail; Fabric Hindu calendar/almanac corresponding to Western years 1871-1872. From Rajasthan in India. (Public Domain)

Element; Material Hindu calendar/almanac equivalent to Western years 1871-1872. From Rajasthan in India. ( Public Domain )

The present Kali Yuga is believed to be a interval of darkness and despair, when the extra materialistic and greed-based targets of humanity threaten to push the species to the brink of extinction. The Kali Yuga is taken into account the ultimate World Age, a time of negativity and destruction.

The Theravada Buddhist “Visuddhimagga” mentions a 64-world cycle that periodically cleanses the planet and destroys humanity. The 64-world cycle is split into eight cycles of destruction – seven by fireplace and one by water, which repeat seven occasions. The eighth cycle is a ultimate apocalypse of devastating winds. Then, the complete 64-cycle begins once more.

Novelty Idea

A standard aspect of all of those cycles of time is the notion of time acceleration. The rushing up of time, because it corresponds to the awakening of human consciousness, is a shared idea when discussing such numerous subjects as data principle, singularity and novelty inside residing methods. Novelty Idea seeks to calculate the speed of novelty, or newness, within the universe because it pertains to time. It has some primary tenets together with:

1)The Universe is a residing system with a teleological attractor on the finish of time that drives the rise and conservation of complexity in materials varieties. The phrase “teleological” is derived from the Greek phrase  telos, which means  finish or goal.

2)Novelty and complexity enhance over time, in a snowball impact, regardless of repeated setbacks.

3)The human mind represents the top of advanced group within the identified universe.

4)That as complexity and class of human thought and tradition enhance, common novelty approaches a Koch curve of infinite, exponential development. That within the time instantly previous to and through this omega level (singularity) of infinite novelty, something and the whole lot the human thoughts can conceive will happen concurrently.

Historical Understandings and Path of the Future

Maybe our new cycles of time will probably be measured by our collective stage of consciousness, slightly than the passage of days, weeks, months and years. As we come nearer to the purpose of infinite data, maybe time would possibly even stop to exist in a linear style in any respect. Then, we can have achieved a brand new starting, not simply of a cycle, but additionally of humanity itself.

Marie D. Jones and Larry Flaxman  are authors of the e book  Viral Mythology: How the Truth of the Ancients Was Encoded and Passed Down Through Legend, Art, and Architecture ”. Discover out extra at  www.MarieDJones.com and www.LarryFlaxman.com

Prime picture: Tzolkin part within the Dresden Codex, ranging from the day 1, Manik’. (Lacambalam / CC BY-SA 4.0 )

By Marie D. Jones and Larry Flaxman


Kurzweil, Ray.  “The Singularity is Close to: When People Transcend Biology,”  Penguin Books, 2006.

Jones, Marie D. “2013: Finish of Days Or a New Starting,” . New Web page Books, 2007.

“Novelty Idea: Terence McKenna”.  2015. NeuroEconomics.com. Now not Obtainable On-line.

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