• Tue. Mar 21st, 2023

Perfumers in Turkey Replicate a 3,200-Year-Old Mesopotamian Perfume


Dec 21, 2022

A bunch of perfumers have come collectively to recreate an historical Mesopotamian fragrance system. Initially made 3,200 years in the past, they’ve replicated a perfume from what has come to be often known as the cradle of civilization. The fragrance makes use of vegetation endemic to the Mesopotamian area and is being exhibited on the historic Church of St. George in southeastern Turkey’s Diyarbakır.

This was the second Mesopotamian Fragrances Exhibition to happen, reported Hurriyet Daily News . The primary was held at Şanlıurfa earlier this 12 months. Diyarbakır was one in every of few locations in historical occasions the place a scent tradition prospered. In reality, it was a vital cease on what got here to be the traditional scent route.

Based on the Daily Sabah , Diyarbakır’s Governor Ali Ihsan Su, perfumers and scent specialists participated in this system. Replicas of fragrance bottles from hundreds of years in the past had been displayed on the venue and guests had been even introduced with a pattern of this historical Mesopotamian fragrance.

Not solely did they replicate historical Mesopotamian fragrance, however the fragrance bottles as properly. ( gal2007 / Adobe Inventory )

Why Nisaba? Naming an Historic Mesopotamian Fragrance

Created from vegetation native to the Higher Mesopotamian area, the fragrance has been known as Nisaba after the Mesopotamian goddess of grain and writing. Nisaba is likely one of the oldest Sumerian goddesses whose identify figures in writing. Though she conceded her place after the Outdated Babylonian interval to Nabu, a brand new scribe god, her identify continued to look in ancient Mesopotamian written records .

Aromatherapist and perfume specialist Bihter Türkan Ergül is likely one of the chief individuals related to the venture. “We gave it a brand new identify: Mesopotamian Nisaba, which is the goddess of grain, land and data,” she defined when discussing the identify of the Mesopotamian fragrance which was creating utilizing endemic plants from the area. “We gave it this identify as a result of the grain comes from the soil,” reported the Hurriyet Daily News .

Depiction of the goddess Nisaba at the Pergamon Museum in Germany. (Wolfgang Sauber / CC BY-SA 1.0)

Depiction of the goddess Nisaba on the Pergamon Museum in Germany. (Wolfgang Sauber / CC BY-SA 1.0 )

Diyarbakir and the Historic Scent Commerce

Diyarbakir is situated within the Mesopotamian basin and was dwelling to many historical civilizations such because the Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian and Hittite. It was a major middle for the manufacturing of fragrances and was a significant cease for fragrance merchants on the traditional scent routes which linked India and Arabia to Mesopotamia, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Greece and Rome.

These historical Mesopotamian perfumes had been bottled in particular glass and ceramic containers. On show within the exhibition had been replicas of scent bottles and containers found throughout excavations. These had been initially unearthed on the 3,000-year-old Zerzevan Castle which is situated between Diyarbakir and Mardin and was a army settlement underneath the Roman Empire. Affiliate Professor Cenker Atila, an archaeologist from Sivas Cumhuriyet College and an knowledgeable on historical ceramics, glass works, and perfume oversaw the manufacturing of those replicas.

The project recreated an ancient Mesopotamian perfume. (Minerva Studio / Adobe Stock)

The venture recreated an historical Mesopotamian fragrance. ( Minerva Studio / Adobe Inventory)

Fashionable Recreation of an Historic Perfume

The venture has concerned a variety of analysis on the exact historical processes used for scent extraction, which had been then tailored to laboratory strategies. Equally, figuring out the vegetation from which the Mesopotamian fragrance was produced was no simple activity. “We researched the scent tradition, particularly the areas the place they had been produced and used, within the firm of our consultants,” defined Ergül concerning the lengthy painstaking course of within the Daily Sabah . “We all know that these vegetation develop in Mesopotamian lands, but we can’t be certain they’re the identical.”

“We tried to undertake previous traditions into our age,” she highlighted concerning the course of of manufacturing the Mesopotamian fragrance. “Now they are going to be made each in Europe and different international locations. The perfume born in our lands will proceed to fill the world with the satisfaction it deserves.”

Recreating the fragrance bottles was one other facet the workforce needed to consider. The archaeologist Cenker Atila described the method of how they copied originals that are on exhibit world wide. “We made actual replicas of them and opened an exhibition targeted on Mesopotamia and Anatolia,” he defined.

“Sooner or later, by analyzing the information found in Izmir’s Pergamon, Zerzevan Fort, we are going to try and create the identical perfumes made at the moment, each to supply industrial revenue to the individuals of the area and to draw tourists,” concluded the archaeologist.

The venture hopes to start industrial manufacturing of Nisaba quickly, with extra perfumes to observe sooner or later. “These fragrances might be promoted on Worldwide Girls’s Day, and can present an vital contribution to employment,” enthused Ergül. Governor Su additionally introduced plans to start large-scale manufacturing of the Mesopotamian fragrance within the close to future.

High picture: The Turkey-based venture has introduced the smells of historical Mesopotamian fragrance again to life. Supply: Marc Da Matisse / Adobe Inventory

By Sahir Pandey

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